The SHFE base metals were split into two groups; nickel, tin and zinc prices declined, albeit the latter only marginally, while the rest of the complex ticked higher.
Copper managed to secure slight gains but struggled against a stronger dollar, lingering trade uncertainty and rising refined metal stocks in China’s domestic market.
The most-traded March copper contract on the SHFE stood at 48,320 yuan ($7,125) per tonne as at 10.27am Shanghai time, up by 130 yuan per tonne or 0.3% from the close on Monday.
“Liquidity returned to commodity markets as Chinese traders returned from a week-long holiday. However, sentiment was weak with a stronger USD and concerns about the US-China trade talks pushing most commodities lower,” Kishti Sen, international economist at Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ), said in a morning note.
Though little changed at 97.03 as at 10.30am Shanghai time, the dollar index is hovering highs last seen in late December 2018.
“The US dollar continued to gently strengthen with GBP and EUR both suffering as poor data weighs on both,” Jeffrey Halley, senior market analyst from foreign exchange company Oanda, said in a morning note.
Wider concerns surrounding US-China trade talks and a fresh government shutdown in the US are also adding to the risk-off tone in commodity markets this morning.
“Market confidence continues to be tempered by pessimism, firstly on whether US Democrats and Republicans can reach an agreement before Friday to avert another government shutdown and secondly around US-China trade talks ahead of heavier tariffs kicking in at the end of the month,” ANZ’s Sen said.
From a fundamental perspective, copper is also contending with rising stocks of refined metal in China. But copper concentrate in the country is in relatively tight supply which should offset some of this pressure from rising supply of refined material, market participants said.
Fastmarkets MB assessed Shanghai-bonded copper stocks at 441,000-446,000 tonnes in January, up by 4% from 423,000-428,000 tonnes in December 2018. January’s copper volumes are 16% higher than the 2018 low of 381,000-386,000 tonnes on October 22.
Copper stocks at SHFE-approved warehouses increased by 19.2% or 23,000 tonnes to 142,727 tonnes in the week to February 1.
Yet declining copper concentrate treatment and refining charges (TC/RCs), discounts on exchange prices paid to smelters for the costs of processing concentrates into refined metal, are indicative of tightening concentrate supply.
Copper concentrate TC/RCs fell at the end of January
with smelters in China breaking away from the quarterly procurement price floor amid an outlook for a tightening in supply later this year.
Fastmarkets MB's copper concentrate Asia-Pacific TC import index
fell to $79 per tonne/7.9 cents per lb on Thursday January 31, the lowest since mid-June, when the index was recorded at $77 per tonne/7.7 cents per lb.
Base metals prices
Currency moves and data releases
- The SHFE March copper contract price increased by 130 yuan per tonne to 48,320 yuan per tonne.
- The SHFE March aluminium contract price increased by 45 yuan per tonne to 13,360 yuan per tonne.
- The SHFE March zinc contract price edged lower by 20 yuan per tonne to 21,590 yuan per tonne.
- The SHFE March lead contract price was up by 90 yuan per tonne to 16,860 yuan per tonne.
- The SHFE May tin contract price declined by 870 yuan per tonne to 149,630 yuan per tonne.
- The SHFE May nickel contract price decreased by 1,290 yuan per tonne to 99,060 yuan per tonne.
- The dollar index was down by 0.03% at 97.03.
- Shanghai Composite index closed Monday’s morning trading session at 2673.13, up by 0.72%.
- In data on Monday, the United Kingdom’s gross domestic product contracted by 0.4% in December 2018 from the prior month. The decline in monthly growth helped drag down quarter-on-quarter growth to a rate of 0.2% in the three months to the end of the year.
- The UK’s manufacturing production for December 2018 fell by 0.7% compared with a month earlier, which was worse than the expected 0.2% gain.
- UK construction output grew by just 0.7% year on year in 2018, the weakest year-on-year growth since 2012, according to data from the Office for National Statistics.
- The UK’s trade deficit widened by £0.9 billion ($1.2 billion) to £10.4 billion in the three months to December 2018.
- In data on Tuesday, we have Jolts job openings from the United States of note.
- In addition, German Bundesbank president Jens Weidmann, Bank of England governor Mark Carney and US Federal Reserve chairman Jerome Powell are scheduled to speak.